About Us -- Issues

Accessibility

Museums, libraries, and archives can best serve the public by making their programs and facilities as broadly accessible as possible.  This means creating opportunities that go beyond the basic requirements, and thinking expansively about how to be widely-inclusive, welcoming, and collaborative. This Web site is intended to help libraries and museums embrace the great possibilities that could be offered by cutting-edge exhibits, easily accessible physical and virtual spaces, and interactive innovative technology.

This page will be continously updated to include best practices, useful guides and materials, and examples of IMLS-funded projects that have creatively and effectively reached out to all members of communities.
 

IMLS Support

Through its grant and award programs, IMLS has provided support to promote accessibility and maximize inclusion at museums and libraries throughout the nation.  From improving accessibility at outdoor nature center wildlife trails, to supporting professional development for school librarians to better serve K-12 students with disabilities, to connecting the Spanish-speaking families of children with autism spectrum disorders to museum and library services, IMLS is committed to ensuring opportunities for all. 

Selected IMLS-funded Projects (PDF, 98KB)

2009 National Medal for Library Service: Braille Institute Library Services StoryCorps Interview

  A student from Laurel Regional School in Lynchburg, VA participates in an outreach program with Amazement Square.
  A student from Laurel Regional School in Lynchburg, VA participates in an outreach program with Amazement Square.

Additional accessibility content on the IMLS website:

Institute of Museum and Library Services to Hold Public Hearing

March 19, 2014 02:42 PM
The public hearing will be April 17, 2014, at the Martin Luther King Memorial Library in Washington, DC. Read More

 
More than $14.6 Million in Federal Grants Awarded to U.S. Libraries

September 26, 2013 08:13 AM
IMLS announced grants for 63 library projects across the nation through three grant programs, Native American Library Services Enhancement program, the Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Program, and the National Leadership Grants for Libraries . Read More

 
Marrakech Signing
Landmark Treaty for Visually-Impaired Persons

June 28, 2013 08:43 AM
Historic multilateral treaty will oblige all nations to establish copyright exceptions for people with print disabilities. Read More

 
Children in a library playing with an iPad
Blog Post: Digital Sensory Storytime Helps Autistic Children

April 8, 2014 12:51 PM
The Oakstone Academy is successfully demonstrating the effectiveness of interactive eBooks with autistic students. Read More

 
Blog Post: A Place for Literacy Volunteerism at the Library and Museum

April 2, 2014 02:18 PM
Director Hildreth recognizes volunteer efforts in museums and libraries in honor of National Volunteer Week. Read More

 
Blog Post: Interview: Georgia Public Library Service

April 1, 2014 03:17 PM
For more than 50 years, funding authorized by the Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) has served as the backbone of federal support for libraries in America. IMLS interviewed the Georgia state librarian about how they use federal funds and how the needs of library users in the state are changing. Read More

 
An ALFA fellow learns about digital Braille readers for people with visual disabilities.
June 2012: Accessible Libraries for All


Students seeking master’s degrees in library and information science at universities in Alabama and Michigan are undertaking a unique curriculum that embraces the idea of universal accessibility and service to special needs populations. Read More

 
Photo of two boys in a library using Talking Books.
July 2011: State Talking Book Libraries: Programs for People with Visual or Physical Disabilities


Through its Grants to State Library Administrative Agencies, the largest of all of its grant programs, IMLS provides funding to state libraries around the country to provide critical services to visually and physically impaired Americans including braille materials and recorded audiobooks also known as “talking books”. Read More

 
A student from Laurel School participates in an outreach program
December 2007: Museum Outreach Program Allows Kids to be Kids


To visit Amazement Square is to enter a world where art and adolescence colorfully collide. For the students of Laurel Regional School, who live with severe mental and physical disabilities, it is not your typical field trip. But an IMLS-funded program makes those trips as typical as possible. Read More

 

 

Accessibility:  International Developments

IMLS is working on the international stage to promote access for the blind and visually impaired.  As a member of the U.S. delegation to the World Intellectual Property Organization’s Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights, we are working to facilitate access across national borders to special format materials that can be used by people with print disabilities. For more information, see the U.S. Copyright Office Web page.
 

Resources

www.disability.gov, a U.S. Federal Government Web Site: Connecting the Disability Community to Information and Opportunity

American Library Association (ALA), Association of Specialized and Cooperative Library Agencies (ASCLA) "Library Accessibility—What You Need to Know" Toolkit Series
Fifteen tipsheets developed to help librarians in all types of libraries understand and manage access issues. 

Association for Science-Technology Centers Accessibility Resource Center

Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education: Inclusion, Disabilities, and Informal Science Learning.  A report by the CAISE Access Inquiry Group. http://caise.insci.org/news/98/51/Inclusion-Disabilities-and-Informal-Science-Learning/d,resources-page-item-detail

Design for Accessibility: A Cultural Administrators Handbook

Disabilities Access Symbols Project: Promoting Accessible Places and Programs
National Endowment for the Arts and the Graphic Artists Guild Foundation, 1993. A package of 12 graphic symbols designed to assist museums, state arts agencies, performing arts facilities, and other arts organizations advertise that their programs are accessible to senior citizens and disabled people.

Evaluate Your Organization's Accessibility: The Arts and Humanities Accessibility Checklist

Invite, Welcome, and Respect: Planning Accessible Meetings and Events

Making Accessibility Real: A Guide for Planning Meetings, Conferences and Gatherings

The Accessible Museum: Model Programs of Accessibility for Disabled and Older People
National Endowment for the Arts and the American Association of Museums, 1993. Profiles a wide variety of museums, including art, natural history, and historic museums that have exemplary accessibility programs. See www.aam-us.org for more information.

Legal References: Grant-Related Accessibility
To ensure access to its programs and compliance with the accessibility laws, the Institute of Museum and Library Services has issued a regulation, 45 C.F.R. § 1180.44(b), requiring that its grantees comply with the provisions set out at 45 C.F.R. Part 1170, titled Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Handicap in Federally Assisted Programs or Activities. These regulations are specifically intended to protect individuals with disabilities from discrimination based on their disability. An individual with disabilities ("handicapped person") is "any person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment." Read more at www.imls.gov/assets/1/AssetManager/Making MusLibAccessible.pdf
 

Standards for Accessible Design

In 2010, the United States Department of Justice published revised ADA regulations that update and amend part of the original 1991 ADA regulations. These changes include revised accessibility standards, called the 2010 Standards for Accessible Design (the 2010 Standards), which establish minimum criteria for accessibility in design and construction. When fully effective on March 15, 2012, the 2010 Standards will replace the 1991 ADA Standards for Accessible Design (commonly called ADAAG) and Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS) as accessibility standards for new construction, alterations, program accessibility and barrier removal under the ADA.

IMLS grant recipients are permitted, but not required, to use the 2010 Standards as an acceptable alternative to the UFAS for purposes of complying with Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. IMLS deems compliance with the 2010 Standards to be an acceptable means of complying with Section 504’s accessibility requirements for new construction and alterations. However, once an IMLS grant recipient has selected an applicable accessibility standard for new construction or alterations under Section 504, that standard must be applied to the grant recipient’s entire facility.

2010 Standards: http://www.ada.gov/2010ADAstandards_index.htm
UFAS: http://www.access-board.gov/ufas/ufas-html/ufas.htm
 

 
A patron of Braille Institute Library Services in Los Angeles, CA, picks up a cassette and Braille book from a library staff member.

A patron of Braille Institute Library Services in Los Angeles, CA,
picks up a cassette and Braille book from a library staff member.